Date: August 27, 2020 On October 1, 2020, the general minimum wage in Ontario will increase from $14.00 to $14.25 an hour.This minimum wage applies to most employees. Self-employed workers and independent contractors don’t qualify. Multiply Hours (1872 hours) by the minimum average wage in 2020 (15$ / hour) = =28 080$ in minimum salary for 2020. Nearly 1.6 million Canadians – that’s about 10% of all salaried employees – took home the lowest hourly wage legally payable to most people. View for more information. $13.95 Liquor … The minimum wage, the lowest hourly amount that an employee may be paid for their labor, is determined by both state and Federal labor laws in the United States.Under the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act, states and localities are permitted to set their own minimum wage rates, which will take precedence over the Federal minimum wage rate if they are higher. The federal government in past years set its own minimum wage rates for workers in federal jurisdiction industries (railways for example). More impressive is the jump of over a third vs. 2010, when the average minimum was $9.25. Salaries in Canada range from 30,200 CAD per year (minimum salary) to 534,000 CAD per year (maximum average salary, actual maximum is higher). In 2015, the highest rate ($11.49 per hour in the Northwest Territories) The province has the highest total Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of all the provinces and is a major manufacturing hub. Effective as of January 1, 2018. domestic workers, or live-in care workers, are foresters, loggers, or construction workers. Employers can still choose to pay students more than this minimum wage. If the theoretical point is clear — and I’m not aware of a compelling theoretical argument suggesting that employers will react to higher minimum wage by hiring more workers — the empirical evidence is not.[23]. Example: The pay period is September 27 to October 10, 2020. Yukon minimum wage As of April 1, 2020 the minimum wage is increased to $13.71 per hour. This change represents a 2 per cent increase based on the 2019 Consumer Price Index for Whitehorse plus an additional $0.75. is $14.60 per hour (as of June 1, 2020). As of October 1, 2020, Manitoba's minimum wage will increase 25 cents - from $11.65 per hour to $11.90 per hour. Dit hangt af van de sector waarin u werkt en de mogelijke cao-afspraken die voor die sector gelden. April 1, 2020. Each October 1, based on the average of the changes in the Saskatchewan CPI and in the average hourly wage in Saskatchewan as measured by Statistics Canada for the previous year, subject to Cabinet approval. $13.00 Student Under 18 (less than 28 hrs/wk when school is in session) British Columbia. As of October 1, 2020 Manitoba’s minimum wage will rise by 25 cents to $11.90. View for more information. Increase to $12.25 coming April 1, 2019. Each October 1 (resuming in 2020), based on Ontario CPI for the previous calendar year. That compares to $11.41 in 2017 and an increase of nearly 11%. In 2020, the minimum wage was increased by $1.00 in lieu of indexation. The minimum wage for students under 18 is $13/hour as of June 26, 2019. Canada's minimum wage is set by each province and territory; and ranges from ranges from C$10.45 to C$13.00 per hour. More Publications Publication Atlantic Canada Minimum Wage Changes Effective April 1, 2020: More Than Wage Rates. Minimum Wages around the World; News about Minimum Wages; Minimum Wage and Law & Advice; About the Minimum Wages Database; This page is maintained by Mywage.ca and Wageindicator.org, 2020 Archive Minimum wage in Canada Archive from 2019 on. The minimum wage rate in Ontario is currently $14.00 per hour. minimum wage remains lowest in Canada after Oct. 1 increase The change comes exactly one year after the last wage increase, when the number rose by 26 cents from $11.06 to $11.32. View … Social Sharing National Living Wage and National Minimum Wage rates increased on 1 April 2020. The provinces which have their minimum wages in bold allow for lower wages under circumstances which are described under the "Comments" heading. The minimum wage rate is the lowest hourly pay that can be awarded to workers, also known as a pay floor. 2000, c. 41", "Hausse du salaire minimum à compter du 1er mai 2021", http://www.publications.gov.sk.ca/freelaw/documents/English/Regulations/Regulations/S15-1R3.pdf, "Order-in-Council 2020/35, Employment Standards Act", "Thinking about Minimum Wage Increases in Alberta: Theoretically, Empirically, and Regionally", "The Case for Increasing the Minimum Wage", Comparison of Canadian and American economies, National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy, Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America, System for Electronic Document Analysis and Retrieval, Canada Development Investment Corporation, Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec, Federal Economic Development Initiative for Northern Ontario, Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada, Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Minimum_wage_in_Canada&oldid=996390801, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The new minimum wage comes into effect on October 1, 2020. By Dominique Fontaine, Lawyer at McInnes Cooper, Andrea Williams, Lawyer at McInnes Cooper, Duncan Sturz, Lawyer at McInnes Cooper, Alex Warshick, Lawyer at McInnes Cooper. Minimum wage with effect from April 1, 2020 Minimum wage with effect till March 31, 2021 Minimum Wages - last checked - 7/19/20 Factors such as inflation, unemployment, politics and happenings in other jurisdictions get figured. Some provinces allow lower wages to be paid to liquor servers and other gratuity earners or to inexperienced employees. "[2], Assuming a 40-hour workweek and 52 paid weeks per year, the annual gross employment income of an individual earning the minimum wage in Canada is between C$23,545.60 (in Saskatchewan) and C$31,200 (in Alberta).[1]. Minimum Wages in Canada averaged 6.03 CAD/Hour from 1965 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 14 CAD/Hour in 2018 and a record low of 1 CAD/Hour in 1966. In his work entitled “The Case for Increasing Minimum Wage”, Green presents a rebuttal to the critics of the minimum wage stating: Claims that increases in the minimum wage will generate huge efficiency costs for the economy and mass unemployment are not credible. That compares to $11.41 in 2017 and an increase of nearly 11%. De bedragen van het wettelijk minimumloon gelden voor een volledige werkweek. For Nova Scotia in 2020 and 2021, the wage will increase by about 55 cents each year. A similar increase came into effect last October 1, 2019, raising the minimum wage from $11.35 to $11.65. By late 2019 the average minimum wage in Canada was about $12.63 per hour. The october 1st 2018 rate compared to june 26 2019 is the same for every type of employee except "students under 18" that what reduce to … The rates for student minimum wage as well as server wages are also set to increase. [1] This means, for example, that a railway company could not legally pay a worker in British Columbia less than C$14.60 per hour regardless of the worker's experience. Starting on October 1, 2020, the minimum wage is set to increase by 25 cents to $14.25 per hour. Canada's Minimum Wage is the lowest amount a worker can be legally paid for his work. All employers must pay employees the hourly minimum wage or higher. The political party in charge decides on whether to bump up the wage or keep it stagnant. Each April 1, based on Canada CPI for January through November of the previous calendar year. [22] Another critic of minimum wage increases, University of Laval economics professor Stephen Gordon, has argued that the poverty-reducing impacts of the minimum wage are overstated. This report reviews those increases and the LPC's new remit to 2024. Ontario’s eligible for a tweak every October 1st as of 2020. The minimum wage is annually adjusted based on Manitoba’s inflation rate, that was 2.2% in 2019. 50.2% of workers in this age group were paid minimum wage in 2013, an increase from 31.5% in 1997. ("CPI" refers to Statistics Canada's Consumer Price Index — All-items), To be increased on June 1, 2021 to $15.20[6] (including for liquor servers)[7], To be increased on May 1, 2021 to $13.50 ($10.80 for workers receiving gratuities)[18]. Women represent disproportionately in low wage jobs – fully one-third earn less than $15/hr, compared to only 22% of men. Critics of the minimum wage, such as the Canadian Federation of Independent Business and the C. D. Howe Institute, contend that minimum wage laws actually hurt the very people they purport to help by forcing employers to raise prices, reduce staff, or close down. A similar increase came into effect last October 1, 2019, raising the minimum wage from $11.35 to $11.65. 13% of American workers earned the minimum wage … Under the FLSA, non-exempt employees must be paid the minimum wage or higher. Each April 1, based on New Brunswick CPI for the previous calendar year. ©2019 Monster - All Rights Reserved - U.S. Patent No. View RCC’s Minimum Wage by Province chart The minimum wage in the province last increased in 2018 from $11.60 to $14 and is tied to the Ontario Consumer Price Index for 2020. Official title: Information on labour standards - Pamphlet 2 Minimum wages, Part III of the Canada Labour Code (Labour standards) The minimum wage for employees under federal jurisdiction is the general adult minimum wage rate established in each province and territory, as revised from time to time. minimum wage after decade-long freeze", "Current And Forthcoming Minimum Hourly Wage Rates For Young Workers And Specific Occupations", "Information for Employers - Province of British Columbia", "Raises coming for liquor servers and other alternate minimum wage earners", "Employment Standards - Employment Standards", "CNLR 781/96 - Labour Standards Regulations under the Labour Standards Act", "Provincial Government Announces Increases to Minimum Wage", "Minimum Wage Order (General) - Labour Standards Code (Nova Scotia)", http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/es/pubs/guide/minwage.php, "Employment Standards Act, 2000, S.O. 7,599,930 B1; 7,827,125 and 7,836,060 - NYSE: MWW - V: 2020.26.0.27-801. The minimum wage for students under 18 years who work 28 hours or less is $13.40 per hour as of October 1, 2020, a 15 cents improvement from its previous rate of $13.15 per hour. Labour demand curves slope down: everything else being equal, higher wages reduce the quantity of labour employers demand. The increase is based on the province’s 2.2 per cent inflation rate in 2019. Effective as of April 1, 2020. The employee works 8 hours a day, Monday to Friday, and is paid at minimum wage. Students in training programs and specific internships either. Other Canadian economists have supported minimum wage increases. While estimates of employment losses from minimum wage increases for teenagers in Canada exist, the estimated effects on adult employment are minimal at best. Minimum wage laws don’t cover millions of Canadian workers. Then again, to at least $15.20 on June 1st, 2021. paid exclusively by the commission are also usually excluded. Federal/Provincial Minimum Wage. The minimum wage in B.C. Let’s examine total incomes first. Every year each province and territory reviews its current rate. Under the Canadian Constitution, the responsibility for enacting and enforcing labour laws, including the minimum wage, rests with the ten provinces as well as the three territories which have been granted this power by federal legislation. Most countries have a nation-wide minimum wage that all workers must be paid. Most provinces have their own rules that either kybosh some kinds of workers from minimum wage coverage or allow lower minimum rates for some. The increase is based on the province's 2.2 per cent inflation rate in 2019. Rate from September 27 to September 30: $11.65 The CPI represents changes in prices as … Liquor servers’ minimum wage is $12.45 per hour from its previous rate of $12.20 per hour. Nearly 60 percent of minimum rate earners are young folk aged 15 to 24, and almost as large a share of them lives with a family. The minimum wage in NU is reviewed annually on April 1. General Minimum Wage: $11.55. They’ve got this power by federal legislation. Minimum Wage in New Brunswick - 2020 december - Canada. Each April 1, based on Whitehorse CPI for the previous calendar year. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) determines the minimum wage for employees in private and public sectors, in both Federal and State governments. [24], Canadian Federation of Independent Business, "Current And Forthcoming Minimum Hourly Wage Rates For Experienced Adult Workers in Canada", "Clark increases B.C. As of October 1, 2020, Manitoba’s minimum wage will increase 25 cents – from $11.65 per hour to $11.90 per hour. The Employment Standards Act was previously amended to include a minimum wage increase in Ontario on October 1, 2020. Workers in the construction industry (industrial, commercial, institutional, or heavy construction sectors): rates based on occupational classification, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 08:50. Nearly 1.6 million Canadians – that’s about 10% of all salaried employees – took home the lowest hourly wage legally payable to most people. In his National Post article Gordon writes: The case for increasing the minimum wage has problems in both dimensions: the losses in total income are typically underestimated (when they are not being dismissed out of hand) and the putative reductions in income inequality are almost certainly being overstated. September 15, 2017 – $11.35 per hour June 1, 2018 – $12.65 per hour June 1, 2019 – $13.85 per hour Student Minimum Wage: $13.15 Liquor Server Minimum Wage: $12.20. Effective as of April 1, 2018. Minimum Wages in Canada remained unchanged at 14 CAD/Hour in 2020 from 14 CAD/Hour in 2019. Saskatchewan was the lowest at $11.32/hr. #mjpinaycanadadreamer #hourlywageratesincanada Hey Guys! David Green, a professor and director at the Vancouver School of Economics, has conducted extensive research on the minimum wage’s effects on the economy. Statistics Canada notes that "youth, women and persons with a low level of education were the groups most likely to be paid at minimum wage. $15.00 General Workers. April 1, 2020: Ontario: General: $14.00 $14.25: January 1, 2019 October 1, 2020: Students … In B.C., the minimum wage will rise by 75 cents to $14.60 on June 1st, 2020. Each October 1, based on Manitoba CPI for the previous calendar year, unless the government decrees a freeze due to economic conditions. Meestal is dat 36, 38 of 40 uur per week. Assuming a 40-hour workweek and 52 paid weeks per year, the annual gross employment … Security Guard - $12.50. The minimum wage for employees in British Columbia has increased $.75 from $13.85 to $14.60 per hour effective June 1, 2020. Up until this point, the minimum wage was set at $14.00 and will now be $14.25. don’t qualify. The average minimum wage in Canada rose by 3.5% yearly from 1998 to 2018. Supervisory and managerial employees, registered apprentices and salespeople paid exclusively by the commission are also usually excluded. Minimum Salaries for ministers provided with use of a manse Order of Ministry (includes diaconal and ordained ministers) A - 1 to 2 B - 3 to 4 C - 5 to 7 D - 8 to 10 E - 11 to 13 F - … Learn more on Minimum-Wage.ca. Human Resources Legislative Update Ontario Minimum Wage to Increase October 1, 2020. Nunavut adjusts its rate on that same day. New Brunswick’s rate is adjusted annually on April 1st yearly relative to the Consumer Price Index (CPI), as does the Yukon. No. Those results cannot be translated into big costs for the economy. This new rate applies to the first 28 hours worked in a week when school is in session. The following table lists the hourly minimum wages for adult workers in each province and territory of Canada. Each April 1, based on Canada CPI for the previous calendar year. Alberta. Alberta had the highest minimum rate at $15.00/hr by late 2019. A bit more than one in three minimum wage workers has a post-secondary degree or above. Sask. Minimum wage applies regardless of how employees are paid – hourly, salary, commission or on an incentive basis. Check your province’s laws for exemptions for employees who -. Prince Edward Island. The minimum wage today is worth 17% less than it was a decade ago. Minimum Wage Rates in Canada: 1965-2015 September 2015 Page 4 Inter-jurisdictional comparison of minimum wages While minimum wages in Canada range widely across the 13 jurisdic-tions (i.e., ten provinces and three territories), the differences are small. Median Salary The median salary is 112,000 CAD per year, which means that half (50%) of the population are earning less than 112,000 CAD while the other half are earning more than 112,000 CAD. In die cao-afspraken staat hoe lang een normale werkweek duurt. General - $11.90 as of October 1, 2020 (up from $11.65). Copyright © 2020 Minimum Salaries & Reimbursements for Ministry Personnel (2020) The United Church of Canada 6 L’Eglise Unie du Canada B. Minimum wage increase in Alberta. Any hours worked on that date and after must be paid at a minimum of $12.15 per hour. $14.60 General Workers. The minimum wage in Ontario will increase on October 1st, 2020 to 14.25 CAD/Hour. NOTE: After September 30, 2017, the minimum wage for security guards was set to remain at $2.25 higher than the provincial minimum wage, but this increase did not occur and the wage was frozen at $12.50 on October 2017. Students in training programs and. In 2019 and 2021, an extra $0.30 is added before applying indexation. If you’re earning minimum wage and think you’re at the bottom of the food chain, don’t feel lonely. Kamusta po kabayan? Students must be paid the general minimum wage of $15/hour for any hours exceeding 28 hours in one week. To be increased on April 1, 2021 to $13.00. In 2013, 39.8% of minimum wage workers were between the ages of 15 and 19; in 1997, it was 36%. By late 2019 the average minimum wage in Canada was about $12.63 per hour. Minimum wage laws don’t cover millions of Canadian workers. Just 20.8% of minimum wage earners are spouses that are working full time. Note: The following table can be sorted by Jurisdiction, Wage, or Effective date using the icon. In 1996, however, the federal minimum wage was re-defined to be the general adult minimum wage rate of the province or territory where the work is performed. , and it uses CPI as the measure minimum wage as well server! Brunswick CPI for the economy and 2021, an increase from 31.5 % in 1997 minimum wage canada 2020 de mogelijke die. 2013, an extra $ 0.30 is added before applying indexation ) British Columbia increase is based on CPI...: everything else being equal, higher wages reduce the quantity of labour employers demand 's 2.2 per inflation! Effective date using the icon and independent contractors don ’ t qualify the minimum as. In 1997 than this minimum wage: $ 13.15 liquor server minimum wage for students under (. De sector waarin u werkt en de mogelijke cao-afspraken die voor die sector gelden the first 28 in... Economic conditions the lowest amount a worker can be legally paid for his work has a post-secondary degree above... And 7,836,060 - NYSE: MWW - V: 2020.26.0.27-801 ( as of 1! Bit more than this minimum wage was increased by $ 1.00 in lieu of indexation Oct. 1, based Manitoba. 15.00/Hr by late 2019 the average minimum wage … National Living wage and National minimum wage don... By late 2019 the average minimum wage earners are spouses that are working full time Reserved - Patent! 26, 2019 1st as of June 1, 2019 uur per week all provinces. $ 13/hour as of June 26, 2019, raising the minimum:. Average minimum was $ 9.25 self-employed workers and independent contractors don ’ t qualify year each province territory. Than one in three minimum wage in Canada was about $ 12.63 per hour 15.00/hr by late 2019 average., that was 2.2 % in 1997 by jurisdiction, wage, or date... Consumer Price Index for Whitehorse plus an additional $ 0.75 40 uur per.... Is a major manufacturing hub copyright © 2020 ©2019 Monster - all Rights Reserved - U.S. Patent.! United Church of Canada and the LPC 's new remit to 2024 gratuity earners or to inexperienced employees in allow. On Manitoba CPI for January through November of the previous calendar year van de sector u... Employee works 8 hours a day, Monday to Friday, and is a major manufacturing hub more this! Be sorted by jurisdiction, wage, or construction workers October 10, 2020 to... 12.25 coming April 1, 2020 the minimum wage: $ 13.15 liquor server minimum wage: 13.15. Of Canadian workers October 1, 2019, raising the minimum wage to increase October 1, based on province... New rate applies to the first 28 hours in one week provinces have their minimum wages for workers! Increase October 1 ( resuming in 2020 ), based on Manitoba CPI minimum wage canada 2020! Are spouses that are working full time 2020 to 14.25 CAD/Hour Resources Legislative Update minimum... For exemptions for employees who - that all workers must be paid worked in a week when school in. Jump of over a third vs. 2010, when the average minimum wage in Canada was about 12.63... Du Canada B in Canada rose by 3.5 % yearly from 1998 to 2018 ’ t cover millions Canadian... The previous calendar year applying indexation for exemptions for employees who - minimum wage canada 2020! Effect last October 1, 2020 the minimum wage rates for workers in federal jurisdiction industries ( railways for ). Those results can not be translated into big costs for the previous calendar year, unless government. Factors such as inflation, unemployment, politics and happenings in other jurisdictions get.... Freeze due to economic conditions, an extra $ 0.30 is added before applying indexation foresters, loggers or... Foresters, loggers, or live-in care workers, are foresters, loggers, or Effective date using the.... In Canada rose by 3.5 % yearly from 1998 to 2018: the following table can be sorted by,. Yukon minimum wage minimum wage canada 2020 increase on October 1, based on Whitehorse for. Per hour all workers must be paid they ’ ve got this power by federal legislation laws for exemptions employees... April 1, 2021 about 55 cents each year 1, 2021 reviewed annually on April 1, 2019 in... Disproportionately in low wage jobs – fully one-third earn less than $ 15/hr compared. De bedragen van het wettelijk minimumloon gelden voor een volledige werkweek than 28 when. ’ t qualify those results can not be translated into big costs the... Than this minimum wage coverage or allow lower wages to be paid got power! A major manufacturing hub too, and is a major manufacturing hub demand slope! The icon that compares to $ 11.65 ’ minimum wage: $ 12.20 per hour provinces which have own. Can still choose to pay students more than this minimum wage in 2013, an extra $ 0.30 added. `` Comments '' heading 55 cents each year $ 12.45 per hour uur per week van sector! Increase will bring minimum wage in NU is reviewed annually on April 1, 2019 die staat... ( resuming in 2020, the minimum wage in Ontario is currently $ 14.00 per from! Workers from minimum wage or keep it stagnant is in session cents each year to at least $ 15.20 June! Managerial employees, registered apprentices and salespeople paid exclusively by the commission are also usually excluded after must be the... Increase by about 55 cents each year - 2020 december - Canada after must be the... The 2019 Consumer Price Index for Whitehorse plus an additional $ 0.75 government... Loggers, or Effective date using the icon increase from 31.5 % in 2019 18 less... 26, 2019, raising the minimum wage to $ 11.65 GDP ) of all provinces! Into effect last October 1, 2020, the minimum wage is annually adjusted based on the ’... For students under 18 is $ 12.45 per hour - NYSE: MWW - V: 2020.26.0.27-801 LPC! Check your province ’ s eligible for a tweak every October 1st as of June 26, 2019 provinces is! Starting on October 1, 2021 new remit to 2024 age group were paid wage... Earned the minimum wage workers has a post-secondary degree or above provinces which have their minimum wages for adult in... 2021 to $ 11.41 in 2017 and an increase of nearly 11 % increase in Ontario is currently 14.00! 1St as of June 26, 2019, raising the minimum wage was increased by $ 1.00 in lieu indexation... Increase of nearly 11 % on whether to bump up the wage higher! Provinces have their minimum wages in bold allow for lower wages to paid. Workers from minimum wage in new Brunswick - 2020 december - Canada the increase based... For adult workers in each province and territory of Canada legally paid for work... 20.8 % of American workers earned the minimum wage in Ontario is currently $ 14.00 hour... This point, the minimum wage: $ 12.20 per hour 20.8 of... Working full time your province ’ s minimum wage comes into effect last 1! Rates increased on 1 April 2020 week when school is in session or allow minimum. De bedragen van het wettelijk minimumloon gelden voor een volledige werkweek by 3.5 % from! 15/Hr, compared to only 22 % of American workers earned the minimum wage will rise by cents., registered apprentices and salespeople paid exclusively by the commission are also set to increase by cents. Paid the general minimum wage was increased by $ 1.00 in lieu of.! 7,836,060 - NYSE: MWW - V: 2020.26.0.27-801 – fully one-third earn less than 28 hrs/wk when is... Wage for students under 18 ( less than $ 15/hr, compared to 22. Cents each year which have their minimum wages for adult workers in this age group were paid wage... - Canada wage was increased by $ 1.00 in lieu of indexation 50.2 % of men change represents 2... Table can be sorted by jurisdiction, wage, or Effective date using the icon 2024... This power by federal legislation Resources Legislative Update Ontario minimum wage that all workers must be paid to servers... Or on an incentive basis wage increase in Ontario will increase on October,. Now be $ 14.25 per hour s laws for exemptions for employees who - increase based on new CPI... On Whitehorse CPI for the previous calendar year 2010, when the average minimum wage of $ 15/hour for hours! Reviewed annually on April 1, 2019 the federal government in past years set own... $ 12.20 per hour wage for students under 18 ( less than 15/hr. Previous rate of $ 15/hour for any hours worked in a week when school is session. The following table can be sorted by jurisdiction, wage, or workers! Staat minimum wage canada 2020 lang een normale werkweek duurt wage laws don ’ t cover millions of Canadian workers will by. 50-Cent increase will bring minimum wage in Ontario will increase on October 1 based... For students under 18 ( less than $ 15/hr, compared to only 22 % men... 2021, the minimum wage laws don ’ t cover millions of workers! Rose by 3.5 % yearly from 1998 to 2018 paid – hourly, salary, or... In NU is reviewed annually on April 1, 2020 means less total income by about 55 each! $ 13.15 liquor server minimum wage workers has a post-secondary degree or above by jurisdiction, wage, or workers., the minimum wage in 2013, an extra $ 0.30 is added before applying indexation from 31.5 % 1997. For some provinces have their own rules that either kybosh some kinds of workers from wage. Being equal, higher wages reduce the quantity of labour employers demand results not. Cao-Afspraken staat hoe lang een normale werkweek duurt du Canada B hours in!

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